Navigation Acts »

Restoration Navigation Acts

In 1660 the second Navigation Act was passed as an extension of the . During the Restoration area mercantilist economic and trade policy was widespread as it proved successful in undermining the Dutch.
In addition to the restriction of carriage of goods to and from the colonies in British owned vessels, a new provision was added by which the vessels should be manufactured in England or its colonies and the crew should consists of more than three quarters English or colonial men, but it excluded Scots. The 1660 Navigation Act added …

Townshend Acts »

Townshend Acts Timeline

Chronological events of the Townshend Acts.
 

Silver coins minted in the 1970’s. Historically, the burning of the Gaspee in 1772 was much removed from a reaction to the Townshend Acts of 1767.
 
 
January 1766 – New York refuses to comply with the
August 1766 – Charles Townshend assumed the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer.
June 1767 – had an overwhelming approval in parliament.
July 1767 – King George III signed the bill.
October 1767 – Boston Town Meeting under the leadership of Samuel Adams and James Ottis suggested residents and merchants to voluntarily …

Townshend Acts »

Townshend Acts Facts and Numbers

were named after Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

The acts were passed in June 1767 and were to be effective on November 20th, 1767.

The Townshend Acts consisted in a revenue measure; the New York restraining Act; the appointment of a 5 member American Board of Commissioners of Customs with headquarters in Boston; and the expansion of the Admiralty Courts to Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston in addition to the existing one in Halifax.

The imposed new tax on wine, fruits, chinaware or ceramic, white lead, painter’s colors, paper and pasteboard. …

Townshend Acts »

Partial repeal of the Townshend Acts and the Boston Massacre

Trade with Great Britain had decreased from £2,378,000 to £1,634,000 by 1769. proved to be a complete failure; it did not increase revenue and confronted the population bringing them close to rebellion. Customs collections did not improve as expected because of the non importation agreement, in addition the cost of the increasing number of colonial military troops was becoming more expensive.  Residents in the colonies, especially in Boston, Pennsylvania and New York were almost brought to the point of rebellion while British manufactures and merchants were having a hard …

Townshend Acts »

1767 – Townshend Acts Crisis and Resistance

The 1767 Townshend Acts imposed new taxes on certain consumer products to raise revenue to pay salaries of colonial officials. It also created the American Board of Customs Commissioners and new admiralty courts to reinforce trade acts and collection of duties. In addition, the act allowed the supreme court of colonies to issue writs of assistance or search warrants on shipments to and from America.
Economic resistance
The colonists were divided over strategies of resistance and no organized opposition developed before the act went into effect on November 20th, 1767. As the …